Azerbaijan`s president, Ilham Aliyev, said Pachinjan had no choice but to sign the « historic agreement. » The agreement (« The statement of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia and the President of the Russian Federation ») stipulates that President Putin stated that the agreement would involve an exchange of prisoners of war and that « all economic and transport contacts must be removed ». The new ceasefire agreement angered Armenia when protesters stormed Parliament, beat the speaker and allegedly looted the prime minister`s office. According to local media, a large crowd gathered in the Armenian capital, Yerevan, to protest against the agreement. They broke into the Parliament and government buildings and shouted, « We will not give up. » « We believe that the agreements reached will create the necessary conditions for a long-term and full-fledged settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh crisis on a fair basis and in the interests of the Armenian and Azerbaijani peoples, » Putin said. Aliyev also claimed that Turkish peacekeeping forces were deployed as part of the agreement, although no details have been released. On 23 December 2015, Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoygu and his Armenian counterpart, Seyran Ohanyan, signed an agreement to establish a common air defence system in the Caucasus.   The conclusion of the agreement followed the Armenian Minister`s assertion that the ceasefire with Azerbaijan over the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh region was virtually non-existing.  In June 2016, the Armenian National Assembly voted by 102 to 8 to ratify an agreement establishing a common air defence system between Armenia and Russia.  Russia has been described as reluctant to intervene openly in the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war to support Armenia because of the continuing tensions between Putin and Pachinjan.  Russia eventually held peace talks between Azerbaijan and Armenia, culminating in a ceasefire agreement of 10 October, which was later ignored by both sides.  The war ended when the Russian leadership and president signed a ceasefire agreement in Moscow on November 9, 2020. The agreement calls on the Armenian armed forces to cede control of certain areas they held outside the borders of Nagorno-Karabakh, including the eastern district of Agdam. This area has a strong symbolic weight for Azerbaijan, because its capital, also called Agdam, has been completely looted and the only intact building is the mosque of the city.
Crowds say the withdrawal agreement with Azerbaijan is a betrayal after heavy fighting around the disputed enclave was due to reach the Nagorno-Karabakh region as early as November 10, 2020, with Russian troops and armaments to be a peacekeeping force under the agreement.  The force was reportedly airlifted to Armenia prior to the signing of the agreement.  On 12 November, the Russian force consisted mainly of personnel from the 15th Motor Rifle Brigade, which had entered Stepanakert and began deploying observation posts throughout the region.  The Armenians will also return the Lachin region, which occupies the main road from Nagorno-Karabakh to Armenia. The agreement provides that the road, known as the Lachin Corridor, remains open and protected by 1,960 Russian peacekeepers.